The Toothpaste Guide

Toothpaste is a key part of your daily oral hygiene routine. Along with your toothbrush and floss, it helps to remove food debris and plaque from your teeth and gums.


Toothpastes can come in a gel, paste, or powder form. While the ingredients may differ slightly, all toothpastes contain the same general components:

  • Mild abrasive: removes debris and surface stains
    • calcium carbonate, dehydrated silica gels, hydrated aluminum oxides, magnesium carbonate, phosphate salts and silicates
  • Humectant: prevents water loss and keeps your toothpaste from drying out or getting gummy
    • glycerol, propylene, glycol and sorbitol
  • Flavoring agent: gives your toothpaste a hint of sweetness, and that minty fresh scent
    • saccharin and other sweeteners (sugar is NOT used in ADA approved toothpaste)
  • Thickening agent: stabilizes the toothpaste formula
    • mineral colloids, natural gums, seaweed colloids or synthetic cellulose
  • Detergent: spreads the toothpaste through your whole mouth, and helps clean teeth with foaming action
    • sodium lauryl sulfate, sodium N-Lauryl sarcosine


Depending on the toothpaste, other ingredients can also be added for other benefits. Here are four ingredients that help improve oral health:

  1. Fluoride = Prevents Tooth Decay:

Fluoride is a natural cavity fighter that helps strengthen tooth enamel and fight tooth decay. Not all toothpastes contain fluoride. Be sure to read the label before purchasing toothpaste if you are interested in this ingredient.

  1. Peroxide & Baking Soda = Antigingivitis:

Several toothpastes contain these active ingredients that fight plaque and gingivitis, help reduce oral bacteria and can be very effective at preventing gum disease at its source.

  1. Special Polishing Agents = Keeps Teeth White:

Toothpaste labeled “Whitening” may help remove more surface stains than regular toothpastes with special polishing agents to make teeth sparkle.

  1. Potassium Nitrate & Strontium Chloride = Desensitizing:

If you have sensitive teeth, you may want to consider using a desensitizing toothpaste, which helps reduce tooth sensitivity by blocking pain signals that go to the nerve of the tooth.


No matter the brand, always select a toothpaste with the American Dental Association (ADA) seal of approval. The ADA seal helps you recognize dental products with the golden standard. It also means that the toothpaste has met the ADA criteria for safety and effectiveness, and that it has earned the seal. The manufacturer must provide data from clinical studies in humans, as well as, laboratory studies and results. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) even insists that manufacturers meet certain requirements for the product active ingredients, product indications, claims and other qualifications. The FDA does not test toothpaste to verify compliance.

At Advanced DDS, your Garden City Dentist, we want to make sure you and your family are well-educated on your oral health. Call to reserve your appointment with one of our Registered Dental Hygienists at (516) 825-1100.

Advanced DDS is proud to serve the surrounding cities: Mineola, Hempstead, West Hempstead, Franklin Square, Uniondale, New Hyde Park, Westbury, North New Hyde Park, Roosevelt, North Merrick, Roslyn, Carle Place, Williston Park, Old Westbury, Albertson, East Meadow, Garden City Park, Floral Park, East Garden City and many more.

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